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Emergency Disaster Systems Earthquake Preparation Manual

Emergency Disaster Systems Earthquake Preparation Manual

With recent tragic events, Emergency Disaster Systems has put together a prevention manual that will help families and individuals alike be thoroughly prepared for natural calamities that happen such as Earthquakes. Our guide covers everything from what to store, how you should store it and what to do if caught in certain situations. This guide is meant not only for those of us living in Southern California but those of which live in other earthquake prone areas. We have broken down helpful information into 3 simple steps. We hope this guide provides you useful information that will better protect you and your families.

1st step: Preparing before hand
Preparation is key to cooping and surviving when an earthquake occurs, below are a few tips and things to store for when that does happen.

Water storage
Above all, the most important thing to have stored in the event of an earthquake is water. The human body can only go 3 days without water before dehydration kicks in, but can go weeks without food. Most people with few exceptions, will be feeling the effects of dehydration if they do without water for more than 36 hours. Dehydration occurs much quicker than starvation.

More than likely your city's water supply will be vulnerable to the effects of a large earthquake. Contaminants can get into the drinking water supply through ruptures in the pipes, through the mixing up of sediments and the adulteration of filtering systems, etc. Getting to a clean water source will be crucial for survival, here are a few ways you can keep and store a clean water source.

Water sources/Storage ideas:

  • Bottled Water from the Store : 1 and 2 gallon sealed containers (NOTE: The 1- and 2- gallon containers you purchase in your local store are not designed for long-term storage and will begin to leak/fail after about 6 months. )
  • 1 and 5 Gallon Sealable Containers - You can purchase these from camping or survival stores. Be sure to sanitize the container and treat the water that you are storing. Old bleach bottles, clearly marked, make good containers for water storage
  • 20-oz. to 1-Liter Designer Water Containers - These are usually marked with an expiration date, but are generally good for about two years
  • 5-Gallon Water Bottles from Private Water Companies - Water companies claim their water and containers are good for up to five years, if still factory sealed & correctly stored in a cool dark location.

It is recommended to store at least 5 gallons of water per person; DO NOT STORE ANY PLASTIC WATER CONTAINER DIRECTLY ON CONCRETE. The concrete will leech chemicals into the water, contaminating it and also degrading the plastic bottle, causing failure.

Food Storage

Food and meal stockpiling
In the event of an earthquake it is important to not only have a stockpile supply of water but food as well. Ideally, the type of food stored should be of the type that stores well. The minimum time that food should be able to last without refrigeration is six months. It is important to rotate supplies every six months. You don't have to throw the contents away, just stick them in your pantry and use them, nothing has to go to waste. Stockpile at least seven days worth of supplies for each person plus pets. These supplies should be nonperishable's with long shelf lives. They should also be stored in a cool, dry & dark place as heat and moisture speed the spoilage of food.

You will want to store items from the main nutrition groups so that you can maintain a healthy intake of protein and vitamins in the aftermath of an earthquake.

Remember to store:

  • Beverages- electrolyte drinks, water, fruit or tomato juices
  • Grains- travel packs of cereal, instant oatmeal, crackers, rice cakes, pasta
  • Protein sources- protein shakes, canned meat and tuna, beef jerky, almonds or nuts, peanut butter
  • Fruits and veggies- canned fruits, dried fruit
  • High carb snacks- Instant noodles, high carb energy bars
  • Water
  • Electrolyte drinks- Gatorade, Powerade, Pedilite

Medical Storage and supplies
Equally important as food and water, medical supplies and the storage of these supplies is crucial in the aftermath of a disaster. A First aid kit should be stored in an easily accessible place and should be stocked with the proper items at all times. Remember to buy only currently dated stock and rotate your supply. Below you will find what is ideal to have in a medical aid kit.
Emergency Disaster Systems recommendations for a first aid kit:

Antibiotics

Hydrogen peroxide

Cotton swabs

Children's Medicine

Band-Aids, large and small

Adhesive tape 2"

Diarrhea medication

Medical latex gloves

Splint material

Eye drops

Surgical mask

Spray bottle with 10% bleach solution for disinfecting objects

Antihistamines (Benadryl)

Instant cold and heat packs

Tongue depressors
(popsicle sticks)

Insect spray

Gauze pads, 4" x 4"

Triangular bandage for sling

*Triangular bandage for sling-Use 48"unbleached muslin. Cut a 48" square then cut it diagonally to make two triangular bandages.

Emergency Disaster Systems recommended tools:

Axe

Crowbar

Tent

Shovel

Garbage bags

Local City Maps

Hammer and nails

Rope

Compass

Flashlight

Matches

Disposable Light Sticks

2nd step: what to do during an Earth Quake

When an earthquake occurs make sure to do the following things:

  • If you're in your HOME make sure to Duck under a desk or sturdy table and Stay away from windows, bookcases, file cabinets, heavy mirrors, hanging plants, and other heavy objects that could fall. Watch out for falling plaster and ceiling tiles and stay under cover until the shaking stops. Hold onto your cover. If it moves, move with it.
  • If you're in a HIGH-RISE BUILDING, and you are not near a desk or table, move against an interior wall, and protect your head with your arms. Do not use the elevators. Do not be surprised if the alarm or sprinkler systems come on. Stay indoors, glass windows can dislodge during the quake and sail for hundreds of feet.
  • If you're DRIVING, pull over to the side of the road and stop. Avoid overpasses, power lines, and other hazards. Stay inside the vehicle until the shaking is over.
  • If you're in the KITCHEN, move away from the refrigerator, stove and overhead cupboards. Take time NOW to anchor appliances and install security latches on cupboard doors to reduce hazards.
  • If you're in a CROWDED STORE OR OTHER PUBLIC PLACE, do not rush for exits. Move away from display shelves containing objects that could fall.

3rd step: After the Earthquake:

Once the shaking has stopped, be aware that immediate aftershocks can happen. You should do the follow written below right after an earthquake

  • Check for injuries and Give first aid as necessary
  • Remain calm and assess the damage
  • Check your Gas, Water and Electric lines. If damaged, shut off service immediately. If gas is leaking, don't use matches, flashlights, appliances or electric switches. Open windows, leave the building/house and report to gas company.
  • Avoid broken glass or any downed power lines
  • Check for fires
  • Replace all telephone receivers and use for emergency calls only
  • Tune to the emergency broadcast station on radio or television. Listen for emergency bulletins.
  • Stay out of damaged buildings.

Helpful tips: Cooking after an earthquake:

Raw food is never good to eat, unless it sushi. In the event of an earth quake a hibachi grill or regular propane or charcoal barbeque may come in handy. You can use regular pots and pans on top of the grill to cook as well.

IMPORTANT TIP: do not use any of these items indoors as carbon monoxide poisoning can occur.